Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2005 13-473 individuals A1, A4i
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC passage 2005 235-850 individuals A4i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC passage 2005 5,800-85,900 individuals A4i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 2004 30,000-70,000 individuals A4i
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC passage 2005 300-865 individuals A4i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC passage 2005 300-5,600 individuals A4i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC passage 2005 600-24,850 individuals A4i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC passage 2005 350-490 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC passage 2005 300 individuals A4i
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC passage 2005 2,400 individuals A3, A4i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT non-breeding 2005 30 individuals A1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 2005 2,450 individuals A4i
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius CR passage 2005-2007 15-107 individuals A1, A4ii
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT passage 2005 1,660-2,540 individuals A1, A4i
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT passage 2005 30-70 individuals A1, A3
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT breeding 2006 min 36 breeding pairs A1, A3
Black Lark Melanocorypha yeltoniensis LC breeding 2005 common A3
White-winged Lark Alauda leucoptera LC breeding 2005 common A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2004-2005 35,000-110,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2015 very unfavourable not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population medium

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose 30000 23000 individuals 77 near favourable
Aythya ferina Common Pochard 3000 3000 individuals 100 favourable
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck 250 250 individuals 100 favourable
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard 24850 2500 individuals 11 very unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 110000 28750 individuals 27 very unfavourable

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes -
Grassland Humid, Steppes & dry calcareous -
Desert Desert & semi-desert - clay -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water, Standing fresh water, Water-fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Other urban & industrial areas -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System. Downloaded from on 03/10/2023.