Kulu Lake

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2004

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN non-breeding - 140-200 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter - 200-290 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN breeding - 20-30 breeding pairs A1, B1i, B2
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC winter 1992 9,718 individuals B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC non-breeding - 2,000-3,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 1,000-4,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo LC passage 2000-2001 2-3 individuals B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1989-1996 250 breeding pairs B1i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC non-breeding 1994 100 individuals B1i
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC passage - 100-300 individuals B1i
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus LC breeding - 490-1,190 breeding pairs B3
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC breeding - 171-473 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (unknown use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Kulu Golu UOSA Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 0 unknown 0
Kulu Golu Other Area 700 protected area contains site 2,431


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kulu Lake. Downloaded from on 10/08/2022.