Kryva peninsula

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 1994 18-80 breeding pairs B2
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1999 82 breeding pairs B2
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus LC passage 1992 5,000-7,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1994 440 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1999 160 breeding pairs B2
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC passage 1992 2,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1994 4,800-12,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC passage 1992 5,000 individuals B1i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 1994 3,000-20,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1994 20,000-49,999 breeding pairs A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2017 not assessed high not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Himantopus himantopus 62 251 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 49 8 breeding pairs 17 very unfavourable
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole 82 31 breeding pairs 38 very unfavourable
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull 6000 1505 individuals 26 very unfavourable
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull 395 1900 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Larus cachinnans 383 12000 individuals 100 favourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 440 300 breeding pairs 69 unfavourable
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern 160 100 breeding pairs 63 unfavourable
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern 1000 2500 individuals 100 favourable
Chlidonias niger Black Tern 2500 50 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 8450 3550 breeding pairs 43 unfavourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 11500 60000 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Other other threat happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Meotida, Krivokoskiy Liman Regional Zakaznik 14,352 protected area overlaps with site 473
Kryva Bay and Kryva Spit Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,400 protected area contained by site 1,400


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Marine Neritic -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kryva peninsula. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.