ZA001
Kruger National Park and adjacent areas


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Corncrake Crex crex LC winter - present A1
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC non-breeding - 40-60 individuals A4i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding - 10-20 breeding pairs A4i
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres EN non-breeding - present A1
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC winter - present A1
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus LC resident 1998 present A3
Gorgeous Bush-shrike Telophorus viridis LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-bellied Starling Notopholia corusca LC resident 1998 present A3
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus LC resident 1998 present A3
Lemon-breasted Canary Crithagra citrinipectus LC resident 1998 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic species/diseases of unknown origin - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Lowland forest - riparian 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Vhembe Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,037,590 protected area overlaps with site 0
Umbabat Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 14,506 protected area contained by site 0
Timbavati Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 52,290 protected area contained by site 0
Sabie Sands Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 59,570 protected area contained by site 0
Rondalia-Letaba Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 21,918 protected area contained by site 0
Pafuri Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 19,756 protected area contained by site 0
Mthethomusha Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 7,979 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Manyeleti Game Reserve Nature Reserve 17,254 protected area contained by site 0
Makuleke Wetlands Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 10,941 protected area contained by site 0
Letaba Ranch Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 2,490,987 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kruger to Canyons UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,874,810 protected area overlaps with site 2,142,528
Kruger National Park National Park 191,691,536 protected area contained by site 1,898,859
Klaserie Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 59,045 protected area contained by site 0
Cronje en Dogters Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4,721 protected area overlaps with site 0
Buffelshoek Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4,114 protected area contained by site 0
Boston Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 3,094 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - riparian, Woodland - mixed -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kruger National Park and adjacent areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2020.