Koka dam and Lake Gelila

Country/territory: Ethiopia

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, A4iii (1996)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 18,000 ha

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society

Site description
Koka dam and Lake Gelila are on the Awash river in East Shewa Zone, 75 km south-east of Addis Ababa. The road to the dam is a 10-km track to the south of the main Mojo–Nazaret road. The shores of Lake Gelila can be reached via the Great Rift Valley road from Mojo to Meki, which passes over the Awash river about 20 km south of Mojo. Koka dam was built to provide hydroelectric power and came into operation in 1960. The resulting freshwater lake, Lake Gelila, has an area of c.180 km², and originally had a storage capacity of 1,850 million m3, although sedimentation has reduced this by 35%. The other main habitats are the surrounding farmland, an area of partly protected woodland beside the dam site, and the river and hot-spring area below the dam. Lake Gelila and its shoreline used to be fairly clear of vegetation, but Eichhornia crassipes has invaded the area and is spreading rapidly. As a result of crop cultivation the only large trees that are left in the area are figs, e.g. Ficus vasta and a few others generally associated with churches or other ceremonial places. The main activity in the area is farming and the most widely grown crop is Eragrostis tef. The farmers using the alluvial soil around the lake also grow horticultural crops and pulses, particularly haricot beans.

Key biodiversity
See Box for key species. Falco naumanni and Circus macrourus occur on spring and autumn passage, the latter fairly commonly. Numbers of Phoenicopterus minor fluctuate unpredictably. Several thousand Grus grus overwinter on the adjacent open plain and arable farmland. Acrocephalus griseldis was recorded regularly in small numbers between 1969 and 1976. Other species include Phoenicopterus ruber, Recurvirostra avosetta and Charadrius asiaticus. Larus cachinnans and L. ichthyaetus occur in small numbers, while tens of thousands of Motacilla flava and Hirundo rustica use the site. In addition, one species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome has been recorded at this site (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Koka dam and Lake Gelila. Downloaded from on 29/09/2022.