LK026
Knuckles Range (Knuckles IBA)


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2004 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Sri Lanka Spurfowl Galloperdix bicalcarata LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka Junglefowl Gallus lafayettii LC resident 2000 present A2
Sri Lanka Woodpigeon Columba torringtoniae VU resident 2004 unknown A1, A2, A3
Chestnut-backed Owlet Glaucidium castanotum NT resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill Ocyceros gingalensis LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Yellow-fronted Barbet Psilopogon flavifrons LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka Hanging-parrot Loriculus beryllinus LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Emerald-collared Parakeet Nicopsitta calthrapae LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka Blue Magpie Urocissa ornata VU resident 2004 unknown A1, A2, A3
Sri Lanka Warbler Elaphrornis palliseri NT resident 2000 present A2, A3
Yellow-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus penicillatus LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka White-eye Zosterops ceylonensis LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Brown-capped Babbler Pellorneum fuscocapillus LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sri Lanka Hill Myna Gracula ptilogenys NT resident 2000 present A2, A3
Spot-winged Thrush Geokichla spiloptera NT resident 2000 present A2, A3
Dull-blue Flycatcher Eumyias sordidus NT resident 2000 present A2, A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2004).


IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Munamalpelessa Reserved Forest 227 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Knuckles Conservation Forest 31,305 protected area overlaps with site 0
Central Highlands of Sri Lanka World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 55,012 protected area overlaps with site 11,824

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical), Hill evergreen forest (subtropical) -
Grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Knuckles Range (Knuckles IBA). Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/knuckles-range-(knuckles-iba)-iba-sri-lanka on 22/02/2024.