This proposed Reserve is the most southerly making up the proposed Central Forest Reserve. It contains four watersheds that together produce over 25% of the country’s potable water. It also encompasses the island’s highest southerly peak, Mount St. Andrew, which overlooks the capital. The forest zones contained include Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest and Dry Scrub Woodland. Due to its close proximity to the capital, where approximately 25% of the population resides, human activities (including squatting and illegal marijuana cultivation) extend into its borders. This Reserve contains portions of Parrot habitat and range that were omitted during the establishment of the St. Vincent Parrot Reserve in 1987.
Two (2) Globally-threatened and thirteen (13) RRS are recorded here. Other species of note include the House Wren, Short-tailed Swift, Scaly-naped Pigeon, Caribbean Elaenia and Black Hawk.
Non-bird biodiversity: As part of the proposed Central Forest Reserve, species also include endemic herpetofauna A. griseus, C. vincenti, A. griseus and A. trinitatus; endemic sub-species M. bruesi and endemic flora A. vincentiana, B. rotundifolia, P. cuneata, P. vincentiana, E. vincentinum, C. vincentiana and C. tenera.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Issues of boundary encroachment for squatting, farming and illegal cultivation arise. Illegal hunting also occurs within the area.
Central Forest Reserve
Habitat and land use
The forest zones contained include Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest and Dry Scrub Woodland
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kingstown Forest Reserve. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022.