IBA criteria met: -
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Area: 500 ha
Site description (baseline)
Kigwena Forest Nature Reserve is located in South-Western Burundi, i.e in Rumonge Commune in Bururi Province. It is enclosed in Cabara and Karonda villages in Kigwena zone. From the reserve, Lake Tanganyika is located to the west; national road no. 3 is to the East, palm grove is to the South and a footpath which lead to the Port of Karonda to the North. The Kigwena forest is a peri-Guinean forest like Congo basin forest. It is very rich in vegetation species out of which most the representative are Terminalia superba, Elaies guineensis, Albizia zygia, etc.
Kigwena Forest Nature Reserve borders Lake Tanganyika which is the centre of attraction of many water birds species. On the whole, 97 species were recorded, out of which 3 are threatened, 1 is of Afrotropical Highlands forests (Coracina caesia), 2 are of Zambezian biome (Myrmecocichla arnoti, Cisticola pipiens).
Non-bird biodiversity: The reserve shelters diversified wild fauna. Two species of primates are most remarkable: Papio anubis and Chlorocebus tantalus (aethiops). Other less remarkable mammals are: Hippopotamus amphibius, Phacochoerus africanus, Cephalophus sp., Cricetomys gambianus, Herpestes sp, Genetta victoriae. Some species of snakes also live here: Python sebae, Naja melanoleuca, Thelotornis capensis, and many species of butterflies.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kigwena Forest Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/24253 on 29/05/2023.