Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Every year towards the end of August and in early September, just after the monsoon ceases, Demoiselle Cranes fly in from their breeding grounds on the steppes of Eurasia and Mongolia. The village is transformed overnight into a noisy crowded place, as krok-krok calls fill the air. The cranes have been attracted because for the last 150 years, villagers traditionally have fed them in a feeding house locally known as Chugga ghar. The number is about 4,000 (Rahmani 1997) but villagers claim that sometimes up to 10,000 are seen. The West Central Asia breeding population, which comes to the Indian subcontinent (especially western India) is estimated to be 100,000 birds, (Wetlands International 2002). Khichan has been selected as an IBA because it holds more than around 4% of the wintering population. Besides the Demoiselle cranes, Khichan holds most of the desert fauna and flora. The Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps is sometimes seen in the vicinity, especially during summer when it comes to drink water from the two lakes, which also attract assorted numbers of ducks and waders, but not in any significant number. The Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata, a coastal wetlands bird (Grimmett et al. 1998) has been sighted here. Among the globally threatened species, Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis and Long-billed Gyps indicus vultures are still seen, albeit in very small numbers. Stoliczka’s Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha may be present in the surrounding scrub areas.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The common mammals found in Khichan are the Red Fox Vulpes vulpes bengalensis and Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Bluebull Boselaphus tragocamelus is spreading due to availability of water from the Indira Gandhi Canal Project.
Since the Demoiselle cranes were often disturbed by dogs and passing villagers, a small feeding place (50 x 60 m) was set up at the edge of the village. However, this area has now become too small for the huge flocks of cranes that come to feed, so a new solution should be found. Further problems have ensued from new settlers encroaching upon vacant government land, and building houses, which now hamper the preferred flight-path of the birds. This has created tension in the village between conservationists who want to assure the safety and peace of the cranes, and politicians who see the new settlers as potential voters, and support their stand. The local authorities have already had some of the unauthorised constructions removed under police escort, but the opposition continues to pressurize them. The Rajasthan Tourism Department wanted to build a hotel very close to the crane roosting site ‘to boost tourism’, but this illconceived plan was dropped after protests by the conservationists that the tourist complex would disturb the movement of the cranes.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khichan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2022.