Kawkaban - Shibam

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2013

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Philby's Partridge Alectoris philbyi LC resident 1993 frequent A2, A3, B3
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala LC resident 1993 frequent A3, B3
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 1993 present A3
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1993 present B3
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1993 2 breeding pairs B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN passage 1995-2011 present A1
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1993 15 breeding pairs B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1993 uncommon A1
Arabian Woodpecker Dendropicos dorae NT resident 1993 uncommon A1, A3, B2
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1993 present A3
Yemen Warbler Curruca buryi NT resident 1993 uncommon A1, A2, A3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1993 common A3
Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis NT resident 1993 uncommon A1, A2, A3, B2
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae LC breeding 1993 present A3
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus LC resident 1993 present A3
Oenanthe lugens NR resident 1993 common A3
Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis LC resident 1993 frequent A1, A2, A3, B2
Arabian Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali NT resident 1995-2011 present A1, A3
Arabian Serin Crithagra rothschildi LC resident 1993 common A3
Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis LC resident 1993 common A2, A3, B3
Yemen Linnet Linaria yemenensis LC resident 1993 common A2, A3, B3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Grassland -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kawkaban - Shibam. Downloaded from on 30/01/2023.