Karnabchul Steppe

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2006

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC passage 2006 27,848 individuals A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 2003-2006 4-142 individuals A1, A4i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC passage 2006 1,495 individuals A4i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC passage 2006 16,419 individuals A4i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC passage 2006 19,166 individuals A4i
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 2000-2005 1-2 individuals A3
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU breeding 1985-1989 1-60 adults A1, A3
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC passage 2006 1,530 individuals A4i
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT non-breeding 2003-2005 1-6 individuals A1
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN winter 1967-1980 1-5 individuals A1
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis LC resident 1990-2006 common A3
Great Tit Parus major LC resident 2000-2006 common A3
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti LC breeding 2000-2005 5-30 individuals A3
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama LC breeding 2000-2005 common A3
Asian Desert Warbler Curruca nana LC breeding 2000-2006 uncommon A3
Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta LC resident 1980-2006 uncommon A3
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps LC breeding 1990-2006 common A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2006 20,000-72,950 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2006 very high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Some limited conservation initiatives are in place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Nurabad Wildlife Refuge 40,000 protected area overlaps with site 20,000
Mubarekskiy Wildlife Refuge 219,534 protected area overlaps with site 18,000
Karnabchul Wildlife Refuge 40,000 protected area contained by site 40,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karnabchul Steppe. Downloaded from on 24/05/2022.