Karkloof Nature Reserve

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis LC resident 1998 present A3
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus VU resident - present A1
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus VU resident - present A1
Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus NT resident 1998 present A3
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 1998 present A3
Olive Bush-shrike Chlorophoneus olivaceus LC resident 1998 present A3
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla LC resident 1998 present A3
Bush Blackcap Sylvia nigricapillus VU resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Orange Ground-thrush Geokichla gurneyi LC resident 1998 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 1998 present A3
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Buff-streaked Chat Campicoloides bifasciatus LC resident 1998 present A1, A3
Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi NT resident 1998 present A3
Swee Waxbill Coccopygia melanotis LC resident 1998 present A3
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops LC resident 1998 present A2, A3

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2006 medium not assessed high
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of the site (state), by habitat
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of the site (state), by species
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane 15 29 adults 100 favourable
Anthropoides paradiseus Blue Crane 15 12 adults 80 near favourable

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Karkloof Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 214 protected area contains site 1,748


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Forest -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
water management -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Karkloof Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 07/06/2023.