Karayazi forest

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
The reserve is bounded to the north by the Tbilisi-Baku railway, and to the south by the Kura waterway. Tugai forest in Kura valley, with Populus, Salix, Morus, etc. and, above valley, Quercus, Pistacia and Morus. There are also pastures, arable land, temporary islands.

Key biodiversity
Over 70 species (c.50 passerines) recorded in reserve. Breeding species include Ardea cinerea, Ciconia nigra, Pernis apivorus, Buteo buteo, Aquila pomarina, Phasianus colchicus, Sterna albifrons, Columba oenas, Strix aluco and Picus viridis. Coturnix coturnix and Gallinago gallinago are numerous on passage.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
This is the only Zapovednik protecting the threatened tugai forests of Azerbaijan, with the exception of a small patch in Turianchai Zapovednik. The forest has benefited since the establishment of the reserve (in 1978), large mammals and birds less so (there are frequent violations of the Zapovednik regime). However, the best stands of tugai forest are not included in the Zapovednik.

Protected areas
National Partial International None4,900 ha of IBA covered by Zapovednik (Karayazi goryhy, 4,900 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karayazi forest. Downloaded from on 26/06/2022.