IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2003

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC passage 1991-1999 4,300-9,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 2001 6-30 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
West Estonian Archipelago UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,560,000 protected area contains site 2,687
Vilsandi rahvuspark National Park 23,882 protected area overlaps with site 66
Vilsandi National Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 24,100 protected area overlaps with site 66
Pussa püsielupaik Species Protection Site 84 protected area contained by site 84
Pilguse püsielupaigad Species Protection Site 25 protected area contained by site 25
Karala-Pilguse hoiuala Limited Management Zone 2,495 protected area contained by site 2,495
Karala-Pilguse Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 109,581 protected area contained by site 2,644
Karala-Pilguse Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,644 protected area contained by site 2,644


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Sea -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Grassland -
Shrubland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karala-Pilguse. Downloaded from on 16/12/2019.