Karakyr Lakes

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2006 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 2004-2006 30-5,000 adults A1, A4i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 2000-2005 115-27,695 adults A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 2005 30 adults A1
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC winter 2000-2004 1-790 adults A4i
Smew Mergellus albellus LC winter 2000-2005 2-491 adults A4i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 2000-2005 1,102-41,700 adults A4i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 2000-2005 184-34,050 adults A4i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2004 50 adults A1
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 2000-2005 917-12,332 adults A4i
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena LC winter 2004-2005 1-300 adults A4i
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 1998-2006 2-14 individuals A3
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 2000-2005 5,206-46,000 adults A4i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU breeding 1998-2000 2-14 individuals A3
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 2004 44 adults A1
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 2000-2005 23-5,560 adults A4i
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 2000-2005 3-2,040 adults A4i
Turkestan Ground-jay Podoces panderi LC resident 1998-2006 1 individuals A3
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama LC breeding 1998-2006 3-20 individuals A3
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta LC breeding 1998-2006 1-5 individuals A3
Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta LC resident 1998-2006 2-6 individuals A3
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps LC breeding 1998-2006 1-7 individuals A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2000-2004 85,070-144,173 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2006).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2006 not assessed very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Some limited conservation initiatives are in place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Karakir Wildlife Refuge 30,000 protected area overlaps with site 20,195


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Shrubland -
Desert -
Wetlands (inland) -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Karakyr Lakes. Downloaded from on 25/09/2023.