|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|2018||not assessed||very unfavourable||medium|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
The lake is situated on the southern outskirts of Aktau city (Karakiyanskiy district of Mangistau region), within the Karagye-Karakolskiy zoological reserve. The lake formed following the floodng of a natural hollow by hot water from the nearby thermoelectric power station. The lake is about 12 km long and runs parallel to the Caspian Sea coast, separated from the sea by a strip of land about 1 km in width. Its depth is 0.5-0.8 m and water levels tend to be stable throughout the year. The lake is connected to the sea by two channels at the northern and southern ends. The western border of the site is Caspian Sea shore-line. There is a considerable amount of water fringe vegetation, mainly reedbeds, mostly along the north, north-east and western shores. The bottom of the lake is sandy, with extensive patches of green algae, which provides food for wintering swans and other waterfowl.
In winter, 14 species of waterbird have been recorded, including two from the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan – greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) and whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus).
Non-bird biodiversity: Five species of fish and two species of amphibian have been recorded.
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karakol Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2021.