This little known Sanctuary lies close to the Assam-Arunachal border and can be approached from Likabali on the way to Along, the district headquarters. A large number of streams and small rivers intersect the Sanctuary; the River Siji forms the western boundary of the area. The terrain is mainly hilly, with steep to gentle slopes that are covered by dense vegetation. Access to the interior of the Sanctuary is limited due to lack of roads, and so the forest especially the interior is untouched and pristine. The forest is a heterogeneous mixture of evergreen and semi-evergreen species. Bamboo forms a dense under-storey.
AVIFAUNA: So far about 70 species have recorded in the Kane WLS (Kumar 2003), but probably four times as many occur there (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). There are a few pools deep inside the Sanctuary that appear ideal for the endangered White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, though none were seen. Local hunters report Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis, a species considered Vulnerable by BirdLife International (2001).
The site lies in Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA 130), according to the classification of Stattersfield et al. (1998). In this EBA, 21 species have been listed, and from this site, only two species have been identified but need further confirmation. Once detailed studies are conducted on the bird diversity of this site, more Restricted Range species are likely to be found.
Owing to great variation in altitude from 120 m to 1,500 m, and presence of good forest cover of Subtropical Evergreen and Subtropical Broadleaf, forest birds of Biome-9 (Indo-Chinese Tropical Moist Forest) and Biome-8 (Sino-Himalayan Subtropical Forest) are likely to be found. Therefore, this site would qualify in A3 (Biome-restricted assemblages) criteria also.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The area is known for the presence of threatened mammals such as Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Tiger Panthera tigris, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, and Gaur Bos frontalis. There is little information available on the other fauna in the area.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kane Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2019.