Küdema bay

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A shallow (<20 m) sea bay on the northern coast of Saaremaa island, with small islets, reedbeds, coastal meadows and saltmarshes. The main economic activities are fishing, forestry and tourism.

Key biodiversity
Küdema bay is an important wintering area for two duck species and a notable breeding area for several waterbirds. Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Larus marinus (min. 105 pairs).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Major threats are posed by intensive fishing, overgrowth of coastal meadows with reed Phragmites due to undergrazing, and tourism. A planned core area of the West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve is contained by the IBA. Research involves monitoring of wintering and breeding waterbirds.

Protected areas
National None International High4,822 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (West Estonian Archipelago, 1,560,000 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Küdema bay. Downloaded from on 26/07/2021.