JO005
Jordan Valley


Country/territory: Jordan

IBA Criteria met: A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 80,000 ha

Protection status:

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site description
A flat, open agricultural plain (below sea-level) with crop fields, market gardens and orchards, gently sloping down to the incised Jordan river in the west. The Jordan river is currently saline. There are small areas of grassland, scrub and bare, eroded badlands, comprising less than 10% of the area. Remnants of natural vegetation are Afrotropical in character. Tamarix woodland and Phragmites beds occur along the banks of the Jordan river. This is the main agricultural area in Jordan (mostly irrigated), and population density is relatively high. Livestock grazing, fishponds, hunting, recreation and tourism are secondary land-uses.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. A major migration route and a notable wetland site. Other possible breeding species include Remiz pendulinus and Rhodopechys obsoleta. During spring passage large numbers of raptors move up the valley before veering eastwards and north-eastwards up tributary wadis, especially Pernis apivorus and Accipiter brevipes (see box), e.g. at Kafrayn and Ash Shuna Janubbiya. Autumn passage migrants include Pelecanus onocrotalus (daily max. 350) and Ciconia nigra (daily max. 11), and the latter is also a winter visitor, as is Eudromias morinellus (daily max. 50).

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: Tilapia gallileae (endemic).

Attributes
Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jordan Valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/08/2020.