CZ016
Jeseniky mountains


Year of compilation: 2002

Site description
A mountainous, forested region, with peaks above 1,400 m. Secondary Picea stands dominate, with fragments of primary Abies/Fagus forest preserved at some sites. Alpine meadows exist above the treeline (1,300 m), along with peatbogs and springs. Alnus growth covers stream banks, and meadows and pastures, many of them abandoned, dominate the farmland. Forestry is the most important human activity.



Key biodiversity
The IBA is important for species that breed in the Picea forests and alpine meadows, and supports populations of two species with limited distributions in the Czech Republic: Anthus spinoletta and Prunella collaris.



Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Threats include acid rain, recreational infrastructure development and disturbance, predation by domestic cats Felis catus in the vicinity of chalets and hotels, overgrazing by red deer Cervus elaphus, and the construction of hydroelectric plants, antiflood dams and reservoirs.



Protected areas
National High International None73,078 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape Area (Jeseníky Protected Landscape Area, 73,078 ha). Included within the PLA are 4 National Nature Reserves (covering 3,763 ha), 11 Nature Reserves (covering 737 ha) and 4 Natural Monuments (covering 4 ha), and Jeseniky SPA.




Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jeseniky mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2022.