Jengdia Beel and Satgaon

Country/territory: India

IBA criteria met: A1 (2004)
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Area: 500 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2012 very high favourable low
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Site description (baseline)
Jengdia or Jaingia Beel is located north of Guwahati city in Kamrup district. It is a freshwater lake with marshes on the fringe. The IBA lies in the floodplains of the Brahmaputra river. There are hillocks nearby covered with degraded mixed scrub and shrub vegetation. Satgaon village is known for the nesting of Greater and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and L. javanicus. The village is c. 25 km from Guwahati by road, otherwise it is just 5 km as the crow flies.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: Jengdia Beel is known for migratory waterfowl, and Satgaon village for the nesting colonies of Greater and Lesser Adjutants. The Greater Adjutant, often seen in Guwahati city, breeds here (Hilloljyoti Singha pers comm. 2002). According to A. U. Choudhury (pers. comm. 2003), during 1994-95, there were 17 nests of Lesser Adjutant and seven of Greater Adjutant. In the previous years, more nests of both species were there and now the number has decreased due to cutting of trees and killing of young, by Garo and Bodo tribes living nearby, for the pot. However, cutting of trees is the main problem as the villagers often resent killing of these birds.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not many large mammals survive in this area as it is densely inhabited. However, Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Golden Jackal Canis aureus are occasionally seen.

Key contributors: Kulojyoti Lahkar, Anwaruddin Choudhury, Hilloljyoti Singha and Nur Hussain.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Jengdia Beel and Satgaon. Downloaded from on 30/05/2023.