Jebel Hafeet

Country/territory: United Arab Emirates

IBA Criteria met: A1, B2a (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,600 ha

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2017 medium unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
An isolated massif on the UAE/Oman border, 20 km to the west of the main Hajar range. The barren, arid slopes are deeply incised by wadis full of scree. A road runs up the western flank to the summit (1,300 m), whilst the east flank is very steep. There are no rivers: all rain (mainly storms in early spring) runs off immediately. Vegetation is very sparse: Ziziphus and Acacia bushes grow on the lower flanks. Most of the mountain is inaccessible and seldom visited.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. An important site for raptors and for some Middle Eastern speciality species. Other interesting species include Aquila chrysaetos (one record, November), Hieraaetus fasciatus (recorded outside breeding season) and Falco pelegrinoides (probably breeds).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Hemitragus jayakari (V): an isolated population formerly occurred on the mountain; there were probably less than 20 in 1980. None has been seen more recently and they are generally believed to be extinct.

Data-sheet compiled by Colin Richardson.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jebel Hafeet. Downloaded from on 19/08/2022.