Jal Az-Zor

Country/territory: Kuwait

IBA Criteria met: A1, B2 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 25,000 ha

Protection status:

Kuwait Environment Protection Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A rocky escarpment rising steeply to 116 m from the coastal mudflats and associated saltmarshes and sand-dunes on Kuwait Bay. A gravel plain extends northwards from the escarpment ridge and gives rise to the extensive wadi system of Ar-Rimam. Most of the park is sandy desert, with much gravel in northern areas. Dunes of the coastal zone are dominated by Zygophyllum, higher areas of sand by Rhanterium and Cyperus, whilst on the gravel plains Stipa grass is dominant. In spring, the playas are covered in Gynandriris irises. Soil fertility is very low and the site has no agricultural value; the site was much used during winter and spring for prolonged recreational camping activities before the recent conflict.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jal Az-Zor. Downloaded from on 30/09/2020.