Site description (2004 baseline):
AVIFAUNA: This freshwater lake attracts a large number of migratory and resident birds. The islands with large reed beds provide safe nesting sites. More than 200 bird species are reported from the lake and its surrounding land area (Sharma 2002). The site qualifies Biome-11 criteria. BirdLife International (undated) has identified 59 species in this biome, out of which 27 are found here. Besides these, the lake harbours large congregations of about 20-25,000 Coot Fulica atra, as well as Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus and Greylag Goose A. anser (Raza Tehsin pers. comm. 2003). Species population estimates are not available but it is likely that many species would qualify A4i criteria (populations exceed the 1% threshold of their biogeographic populations). For instance, Wetlands International (2002) estimates that the total population of Common Coot in South Asia is 15,00,000. This IBA supports 1% population. This site is, therefore, selected as an IBA principally based on the A4i and A4iii criteria. It also holds Critically Endangered species such as the Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis and the Longbilled G. indicus vultures but these species are widely distributed and Jaisamand does not have particularly significant populations. The wetland and the surrounding forest constitute this IBA.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Leopard Panthera pardus is the top carnivore. Other predators include Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaena. Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus is the only primate found in the Sanctuary. Other typical species of dry tropical forest and scrub forest dwellers such as Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor and Bluebull Boselaphus tragocamelus can be commonly sighted. Reptiles include: Starred Tortoise Geochelone elegans, Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis, Indian Rock Python Python molurus, John’s Earth Boa Eryx johnii, Rat Snake Ptyas mucosus, Common Krait Bungarus caerulus, Indian Cobra Naja naja are also in the Sanctuary.
The Sanctuary area is excessively infested by the exotic, Lantana camara, which poses a threat to the local vegetation. Prosopis chilensis, is also degrading the natural habitat. The Department of Forest, Wildlife Wing along with Natural Environment-Education and Development (NEED) Organization, Udaipur conducts annual trekking for the general public and nature camps for school and college students to raise conservation awareness.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/jaisamand-lake-and-wildlife-sanctuary-iba-india on 01/12/2023.