Jabal al-Bilas

Country/territory: Syria

IBA Criteria met: B2, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 40,000 ha

Protection status:

The Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 high not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
An isolated mountain (up to 1,105 m) lying c.70 km north-west of Tadmur (Palmyra). The landscape is eroded and the scant vegetation includes scattered trees/bushes of Pistacia, Prunus and Rhamnus, and shrubs of Artemisia, Atriplex, Salsola and Anabasis. There is some unspecified waterfowl habitat, presumably caused by winter flooding of depressions.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus and Pterocles alchata, and wintering waterfowl include c.500 Anser albifrons and c.400 ducks.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V) and Gazella subgutturosa (rare). Flora: many endemics are confined to the isolated mountains in the Syrian Desert.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal al-Bilas. Downloaded from on 25/02/2021.