Islands north of Al-Hudaydah

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2013 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus LC breeding 1993 10 breeding pairs B2
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1993 6 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath LC resident 1995-2002 2 breeding pairs B2
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster LC breeding 1995-2002 600 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola LC breeding 1995-2002 830 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC breeding 1995-2002 435 breeding pairs B3
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus LC breeding 1995-2002 721 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus LC breeding 1995-2002 4,975 breeding pairs B1i
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC breeding 1995-2002 5 breeding pairs B2
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa LC breeding 1995-2002 2,200 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis LC breeding 1995-2002 250 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC resident 1995-2002 min 100 breeding pairs B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1993 1 breeding pairs B2
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1995-2002 9,196 breeding pairs A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2013).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Desert -
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
other -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Islands north of Al-Hudaydah. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.