Indian Ocean, Antarctic and Southern 37 - Marine


Country/territory: Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia)

IBA Criteria met: -
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 2,831,916 ha

Protection status:


Site description
This Marine IBA is identified using tracking data. It falls within the Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and the Indian Ocean, FAO ocean region. The site covers an area of 28319 km2 and is 159 km away from the closet coastline. The depth ranges from 171 to 3334 m, with a mean annual wind speed of 3.76 m/s, mean annual sea surface temperature falls between 0.88 and 1.6 °C and mean annual chlorophyll-a concentrations found to range between 0.16 and 0.84 mg/m3.

Key biodiversity
1 species triggers IBA criteria at this Marine IBA. BirdLife analyses of tracking data estimates that 347-495 individuals of Wandering Albatross (VU) from Iles Kerguelen are present at the site during the Incubation (Dec-Mar) life-history stage.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Indian Ocean, Antarctic and Southern 37 - Marine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/01/2021.