Ikh Nartiin Chuluu Nature Reserve

Country/territory: Mongolia

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2009)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 43,740 ha

Protection status:

Site description
Ikh Nartiin Chuluu is located 300 km southeast of Ulaanbaatar in Dalanjargalan and Airag soums, Dornogobi aimag. The site is an ‘island’ of rocky terrain and canyons, rising up from the surrounding desert steppe. Willow and elm trees grow among the rocks and ravines. Freshwater springs supply the Ikh Nart valley, where there are many streams and ponds. Khalzan, a historical spar, is located in the northwest of the site. This area is an important winter shelter for local people and their livestock. There are many abandoned mines at the site, which, in the absence of rehabilitation activities, have contributed to soil erosion. Disturbance, poaching and pollution from artisanal mining are the main threats to biodiversity at the site. Livestock and human waste are polluting the freshwater springs, while illegal hunting and domestic dogs are threatening the populations of wild ungulates.

Key biodiversity
The site supports one Globally Threatened bird species, Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni (VU), as well as the Near Threatened Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT). The site also supports an assemblage of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert biome.

Non-bird biodiversity: Several Globally Threatened mammals occur at the site, including Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa and Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus (EN). In winter, hundreds of Mongolian Gazelle remain in the area.

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ikh Nartiin Chuluu Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 16/01/2021.