IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan This is an IBA in Danger! 

Country/territory: Nigeria

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 150 ha

Nigerian Conservation Foundation
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2017 very unfavourable very high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2001 baseline)
The reserve is an area of secondary forest within the 1,000 ha concession of the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), located on the outskirts of Ibadan. Regeneration following protection since 1965 has resulted in forest now showing few signs of human disturbance. Areas now resemble mature Guinea–Congo lowland rainforest with scattered emergents which include Ceiba, Milicia and Terminalia spp. Large clumps of bamboo Bambusa vulgaris are common; stands of Raphia vinifera are found along watercourses while scattered oil-palms Elaeis guineensis grow in both low-lying and the relatively better-drained upland areas. Thickets of climbers grow in openings where the secondary nature of the forest is most apparent. Outside the forest is an extensive area of derived savanna supporting fallow fields and experimental agricultural plots. The wet season extends from March to October and annual rainfall is 1,500–2,000 mm.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 3 for key species. A total of over 300 bird species have been recorded in the reserve. There have been several recent observations of Malimbus ibadanensis. Other species include Gallinago media, an infrequent visitor, and seven Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (A04) species (see Table 3). A diverse assemblage of Palearctic waterbirds winter at the site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Some 15 species of plant of conservation concern (including an Entada species which produces the longest fruit of any plant in West Africa) occur in the reserve.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan. Downloaded from on 07/12/2023.