Hulu Gombak-Sungai Lalang forest

Country/territory: Malaysia

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 48,641 ha

Protection status:

Malaysian Nature Society

Site description
(I) Physical CharacteristicsHulu Gombak Forest ReserveThe Hulu Gombak Forest Reserve is located on the north side of the Kuala Lumpur-Bentong road at Mile 22. The road forms one boundary of the reserve, the Selangor-Pahang State boundary and Compartment 21 of the reserve the third. The topography is rough, mostly steep hillsides and narrow valley bottoms.Sungai Gombak, as main river, traverse the north part with tributaries such as Sungai Rumput, Sungai Pisang, Sungai Gapis and Sungai Tiang. Forest on terrain between 305 -610 m asl. The highest point is Gunung Bunga Buah (1,430 m asl). Areas below 152 m asl is developed. On the southern part, smaller rivers such as Sungai Seleh, Sungai Pemulas and Sungai Songlai are tributaries of Sungai Kelang which flows into the Klang Gates reservoir. The highest point in this section is Bukit Repin (1,341 m asl). The area is generally between 152 - 457 m asl. The forest reserve lies on granite and limestone overlaid by Quarternary alluvium and is covered in red-yellow ultisol soil. Klang Gates Wildlife SanctuaryThe Klang Gates Ridge is a massive quartzite vein which runs east of Kuala Lumpur in a west north-west to west direction from Sungai Batu to the Ampang Hills. The ridge is about six miles in length. Sheer cliffs, free of vegetation, rise above the surrounding forest, in some places with a rock face about 120 m high, in other places it is divided by wind gaps. The ridge top is a jagged knife edge, in some places only a few feet wide, with precipitous drops on either side. The highest point is 280 m asl. Lowland dipterocarp forest surrounds the ridge.(II) Climatic ConditionsThroughout the year, rainfall averages about 50 mm per week with heavier rains in November and December. The valley experiences dry season between January-February. Temperature averages about 21oC annually (McClure, 1974).

Key biodiversity
HIgh bird density and worth protection (rafiq)Important bird sites in sealngor

Non-bird biodiversity: Plants endemic to Klang Gates Ridge: Aleisanthia rupestris, Borreria pilulifera, Didymocarpus primulina, Eulalia milsumii, Ilex praetermissa and Tectaria rumicifolia(I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): ENDANGERED: Asian Elephant Elephas maximus*; Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus, Tiger Panthera tigirs, South-East Asian White-toothed Shrew Crocidura fuliginosa; VULNERABLE: Golden Cat Catopuma temminckii, Serow Capricornis sumatraensis, Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Common Porcupine Hystrix brachyura; NEAR THREATENED: White-handed Gibbon Hylobates lar, Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus, Hairless Bat Cheiromeles torquatus, Banded Leaf Monkey Presbytis melalophos, Long-tailed Macaque M. fascicularis, Pangolin Manis javanica, Smoky Flying Squirrel Pteromyscus pulverulentus, Marmoset Rat Haplomys longicaudatus; DATA DEFICIENT: Malayan Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus(II) Globally threatened reptiles (IUCN, 2002): ENDANGERED: Spiny Turtle Heosemys spinosa(III) Globally threatened plants (IUCN, 2002): CRITICAL: Sauropus elegantissimus, Hopea ferruginea; ENDANGERED: Shorea leprosula, S. faguetiana, Anisoptera laevis; VULNERABLE: Glochidion carrickii, Hydnocarpus humei, Erythroxylum kochummenii, Ilex praetermissa, Knema plumulosa; LOWER RISK/conservation dependent: Pentace strychnoidea, Macaranga quadricornis*Historically occurred in the Gombak valley. The last record was in October 1961.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hulu Gombak-Sungai Lalang forest. Downloaded from on 26/02/2021.