Howland and Baker Marine


Country/territory: United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA)

IBA Criteria met: A4i, A4ii, A4iii (2012)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 4,010,980 ha

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2012 medium favourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site summary
The site boundary is based upon a seaward extension of 92.6 km around Baker Island to encompass the foraging range of IBA threshold numbers of waterbirds based upon a 2007 population estimate of 1,605,664 individuals US Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan. Hawaii, USA, a seaward extension of 92.6 km around Howland Island to encompass the foraging range of IBA threshold numbers of Species group - waterbirds based upon a 2007 population estimate of 153061 individuals US Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan. Hawaii, USA, and to correspond with the boundary of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Howland and Baker Marine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2021.