A forest of cedars Cedrus libani, firs Abies and oak Quercus, in a rocky, mountainous area at c.1,500 m; usually covered in snow during December-April. The main land-use is hunting, but the site is also important for shepherds and loggers, and is visited by tourists and for recreation.
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Gyps fulvus and Alectoris chukar.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: there are many endemic plants.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Although declared a Forest Reserve on 9 March 1992 (Law 121), protective measures are not enforced. Illegal bird hunting, and associated excessive disturbance and deliberate persecution of birds, is a critical problem. There is no forest management plan, and logging occurs locally. Air pollution is widespread. Potential threats, at least locally, include overgrazing (sheep and goats), fire and built development.
Data-sheet compiled by Assad Serhal.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2022.