Hima Ebel es-Saqi

Country/territory: Lebanon

IBA Criteria met: A4iv (2008)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 219 ha

Protection status:

Society for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2006 high not assessed medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Located in south Lebanon north of the Hasbani river, Ebel es-Saqi IBA consists of a mixture of habitats, with olive groves, arable agriculture, scrub and pine woodland. Like the Anjar-K’far Zabad IBA, this site has been declared a hima by the municipality.

Key biodiversity
The count of c60 000 Common Cranes Grus grus over a 72 hour period in February 2005 was enough to qualify the site as an IBA but good numbers of White Storks in spring and 21 raptor species in autumn, the most abundant being European Honey-buzzard, show that the site is an important migration bottleneck for other species too. A number of globally and regionally threatened bird species pass through on migration, such as Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni, Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus, Pallid Harrier, Greater Spotted Eagle Eastern Imperial Eagle and Corncrake Crex crex, which stresses the importance of this site for conservation. Four Mediterranean Biome-restricted Species—Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus, Sardinian Warbler, Cretzschmar’s Bunting and Black-headed Bunting—breed onsite as well as one Irano-Turanian species, Upcher’s Warbler Hippolais languida.

Non-bird biodiversity: Other non-avian fauna of interest are two species of bats, hyrax, wild cat, fox, jackal, river otter (anecdotal evidence), wild boar, two species of freshwater fish, terrestrial turtles, chameleon and lizards, three species of amphibians, (recognised by sound), and scorpions.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hima Ebel es-Saqi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2020.