Hima al-Fiqrah

Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA Criteria met: A1, B2, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 124,000 ha

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A mountain with surrounding foothills at 1,700-2,000 m in the Hijaz range, west of al-Madinah. The vegetation is open Juniperus phoenicia climax woodland with associated Mediterranean-type flora. Lichens and ferns occur on the wetter slopes. The Juniperus zone is easily accessible, unlike anywhere else in the central Hijaz. There is an ancient agricultural terrace system, now abandoned. Bee-keeping is an important local activity; secondary human activities are agriculture and recreation.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Aquila verreauxii (min. 1 pair), Buteo rufinus (min. 1-2 pairs), Hieraaetus fasciatus, Tachymarptis melba (possible), Apus pallidus, Rhodopechys githaginea and Emberiza striolata.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V; unconfirmed), Panthera pardus (rare) and Capra nubiana (I).

Data-sheet compiled by B. Meadows.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hima al-Fiqrah. Downloaded from on 20/08/2022.