Haur Uwainah


Country/territory: Iraq

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 32,500 ha

Protection status:

Nature Iraq
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site description
A complex of large haurs and associated marshes on the plains to the east of the Shatt Al Gharraf waterway, east and south-east of the village of Shatra. The two principal haurs are Haur Abu Ajul (31°29'N 46°20'E, 7,500 ha) in the north, and Haur Chamuqa (Ghamuga) (31°22'N 46°25'E, 25,000 ha) in the south. They are fed mainly by the Shatt Al Gharraf. Both haurs formerly supported extensive Phragmites reedbeds, but Abu Ajul had been drained by December 1972. By 1979, the northern haur was completely under cultivation, while Haur Chamuqa had been somewhat reduced in size with the construction of an embankment with a road around the northern perimeter. However, much of this haur remained in excellent condition with extensive Typha beds and large areas of open water.

Key biodiversity
Over 10,000 waterfowl were present in January 1979, mainly Fulica atra. The surrounding wet meadows and rain-fed pools provide excellent habitat for a variety of shorebirds. The haur was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).

Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Uwainah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/01/2021.