Haur Al Hammar

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 1973 1 individuals B2
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT breeding 1997 50-249 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1973-1979 23,040-42,280 individuals A4i, B1i
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1973-1979 5,440-10,830 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1973-1979 3,514-6,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1973-1979 4,479-12,400 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 1973-1979 6,608-12,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1973-1979 25,968-59,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1973-1979 53,285-121,455 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC winter 1985 1 individuals B2
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC winter 1973-1975 25-1,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC winter 1973-1975 166-272 individuals B1i
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath LC resident 1985 rare B1i, B2
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1973-1979 81-243 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC winter 1973-1979 1,272-1,741 individuals A4i, B1i
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1973-1979 6-48 individuals A1, B2
African Darter Anhinga rufa LC resident 1985 unknown B1i, B2
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC winter 1973-1975 26-277 individuals B1i
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC resident 1985 abundant B1i
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC winter 1973-1979 680-6,383 individuals A4i, B1i
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR winter 1979 6 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage 1979 1 individuals A1, A4i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 1973-1975 142-355 individuals B1i
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC winter 1973-1975 192-2,125 individuals B1i
Armenian Gull Larus armenicus LC winter 1973-1979 230-878 individuals A4i, B1i
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC winter 1973-1975 7-104 individuals B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC winter 1973-1979 31-356 individuals B1i
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1979 8 individuals B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1985 3 individuals B2
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis EN breeding 1985 common A1, A2, B2
Iraq Babbler Argya altirostris LC resident 1985 common A2, B3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC breeding 1985 present B3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1973-1979 128,000-284,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 211,544 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
rangeland/pastureland -
agriculture -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Haur Al Hammar. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/haur-al-hammar-iba-iraq on 21/09/2023.