Haraz mountains

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2013 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Philby's Partridge Alectoris philbyi LC resident 1995-2011 present A2, A3, B3
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala LC resident 1993 frequent A3, B3
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 1993 present A3
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1993 present B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN passage 1995-2011 present A1
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1993 common B2
Arabian Woodpecker Dendropicos dorae NT resident 1993 present A1, A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1993 present A3
Yemen Warbler Curruca buryi NT resident 1993 uncommon A1, A2, A3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1993 present A3
Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis NT resident 1993 frequent A1, A2, A3, B2
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae LC breeding 1995-2011 present A3
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus LC resident 1993 present A3
Oenanthe lugens NR resident 1993 common A3
Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis LC resident 1993 uncommon A1, A2, A3, B2
Arabian Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali NT resident 1995-2011 present A1, A3, B3
Arabian Serin Crithagra rothschildi LC resident 1993 common A3, B3
Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis LC resident 1993 common A2, A3, B3
Yemen Linnet Linaria yemenensis LC resident 1993 common A2, A3, B3
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea NT winter 1993 uncommon A1, B2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2013).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset unknown

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Grassland -
Shrubland -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
agriculture -
forestry -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Haraz mountains. Downloaded from on 30/11/2023.