HI04
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2009

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Hawaiian Goose Branta sandvicensis NT breeding 2007 50 individuals A1, A2, A4i
Hawaiian Duck Anas wyvilliana EN breeding 1994 251 individuals A1, A2, A4i
Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai VU breeding 1997 513 individuals A1, A2, A4i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1993 171 individuals A4i

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information poor

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge 176 is identical to site 371

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
All of the 917 acres (371 hectares) comprising Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge is owned by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A portion of the refuge, 186 acres (75 hectares), is farmed for taro under a special use permit.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/12/2022.