IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2009

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Hawaiian Goose Branta sandvicensis NT resident 2002 251 individuals A1, A2, A4i
Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis EN breeding 1994 450 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Poo-uli Melamprosops phaeosoma EX resident 1996 rare A1, A2
Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana EN resident 1980 min 34,839 individuals A1, A2
Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis CR resident 1996 1 individuals A1, A2
Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys CR resident 1980 502 individuals A1, A2
Hawaii Amakihi Chlorodrepanis virens LC resident 1980 min 43,930 individuals A2
Iiwi Drepanis coccinea VU resident 1980 min 18,812 individuals A1, A2
Apapane Himatione sanguinea LC resident 1980 min 93,818 individuals A2
Akohekohe Palmeria dolei CR resident 1980 min 3,753 individuals A1, A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 very high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information poor

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) Unknown Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Waikamoi Preserve Biological Reserve 2,117 protected area contained by site 2,117
Waikamoi Macrosite Easement 2,078 protected area contained by site 0
Hanawi Natural Area Reserve 3,094 protected area contained by site 3,137
Haleakala National Park 13,910 protected area overlaps with site 11,984
Haleakala Wilderness 7,734 protected area overlaps with site 0
East Maui Conservation Area 1,422 protected area contained by site 0

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
Most of the lands comprising the Haleakala IBA are owned by the State of Hawai`i (63%) and the National Park Service (25%). Haleakala IBA also includes Waikamoi Preserve (5%), which is managed by The Nature Conservancy and owned by Alexander & Baldwin, and some additional land owned by Alexander & Baldwin (7%). State lands include Hanawi Natural Area Reserve (7%), Department of Hawaiian Home Lands (6%), Ko`olau, Hana, Kipahulu, Kahikinui, Kula, and Makawao State Forest Reserves (50%), and Polipoli Spring State Recreation Area (<1%).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haleakala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2022.