ID164
Gunung Sahendaruman This is an IBA in Danger! 


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2004 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Blue-tailed Imperial-pigeon Ducula concinna LC resident 2000 present A2
Sangihe Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx sangirensis CR resident 2000 present A2
Cittura cyanotis NR resident 2000 present A2
Red-and-blue Lory Eos histrio EN resident 2004 present A1, A2
Sangihe Hanging-parrot Loriculus catamene NT resident 2004 present A1, A2
Sangihe Whistler Coracornis sanghirensis CR resident 2004 present A1, A2
Pied Cuckooshrike Coracina bicolor NT resident 2000 present A2
Cerulean Flycatcher Eutrichomyias rowleyi CR resident 2004 present A1, A2
Sangihe White-eye Zosterops nehrkorni CR resident 2004 present A1, A2
Elegant Sunbird Aethopyga duyvenbodei EN resident 2004 present A1, A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2004).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2016 very unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Eutrichomyias rowleyi Cerulean Flycatcher 23 34 individuals 100 favourable
Zosterops nehrkorni Sangihe White-eye 1 0 individuals 0 very unfavourable

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial 0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Geological events avalanches/landslides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gunung Sahendaruman. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/gunung-sahendaruman-iba-indonesia on 27/02/2024.