Gunung Mutis is the biggest mountain forest in western Timor and it has Eucalyptus urophylla vegetation (MacKinnon et.al. 1982, Coates et.al. 1997, Lesmana et.al. 2000).
The restricted-range bird in this area dominated by highland species such as Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi and Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles (Lesmana et.al. 2000).
Habitat and land use
From 1900 m asl covered by upper mountain forest. 1200-1700 m - open area dominated by Eucalyptus urophylla and small size area of mixed montane forest. (Monk et.al. 1997)
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Livestock grazing, forest fires, firewood collection, illegal hunting, clearence of land for housing and plantation and uncontrol tourism activities (Noske & Saleh 1996, Monk et.al.1997, Lesmana et.al.2000).
Proposed for the first time as Wildlife Sanctuary (10000 ha) (MacKinnon et.al. 1982). Declared as Nature Reserve (12000 ha) based on SK Menteri Kehutanan No. 89/Kpts-II/1983 (Monk et.al. 1997, Lesmana et.al. 2000). Gunung Mutis Nature Reserve proposed to be extended to 4000 ha (BKSDA VII 1997, Monk et.al. 1997). Gunung Muntis and Gunung Timau are proposed by WWF to be merged.