Mountainous and steep area (RePPProt 1988) flat ground only on the northern part. Almost no settlement present, only some small clusters of indigenous Buru Island live in this area. The activities of community around this area are dry land farmer, hunting, and collecting forest product. People activities in the northern coastal area are agriculture, and collecting forest product to supply collectors or buyer from other island or for own consumption (Persulessy 1997). Main comodities are coconut, cacao, clove, coffee and melaleuca oil.
There are 3 birds species with uncertain status: Blue-fronted Lorikeet Charmosyna toxopei, Seram Honeyeater Lichmera monticola, Seram Oriole Oriolus forsteni. The threatened endemic bird species in Buru Island Black-losed Parrot Tanygnathus gramineus lives in this area. Although only few records of this bird from this species, but based on habitat analysis, it is predicted that the area has big population of this species. The same possibility also for Rufous-throated Darkeye Madanga ruficolis (Poulsen & Lambert 2000, BirdLife International 2001).
Non-bird biodiversity: The other biodiversity (endemic of Buru Island) is Troides (=Troides) prattorum, Varanus gouldi, Nyctimene minutus varius, Pteropus temminckii liops and Rhinolophus euryotis burius, Rattus rattus moluccarius (Flanery 1995, Monk et.al.1997)
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Kepala Madang. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2020.