Gulf of Salwah

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC winter 1992 1,086 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1992 2,378 individuals A4i, B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC resident 1992 100 breeding pairs B1i
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC winter 1992 130-486 individuals B1i
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis VU breeding 1992 11,000 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1992 560-2,500 individuals B1i
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus LC breeding 1992 1,000 breeding pairs B1i
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa LC breeding 1992 2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis LC breeding 1992 2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1993 16,100 breeding pairs A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 low not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Coastline -
Desert -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
fisheries/aquaculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gulf of Salwah. Downloaded from on 27/01/2023.