Great Sandy Strait


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2009 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris LC resident 1985-2007 992 individuals A4i
Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus LC resident 1985-2007 1,649 individuals A4i
Charadrius mongolus NR non-breeding 1985-2007 8,461 individuals A4i
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis EN non-breeding 1985-2007 12,803 individuals A4i
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT non-breeding 1985-2007 43,987 individuals A4i
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris EN non-breeding 1985-2007 5,612 individuals A4i
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis NT non-breeding 1985-2007 8,100 individuals A4i
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes NT non-breeding 1985-2007 11,275 individuals A4i
Mangrove Honeyeater Gavicalis fasciogularis LC resident 1985-2008 common A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2009).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2008 not assessed medium not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Tin Can Inlet Fish Habitat Area (A) 1,517 protected area overlaps with site 1,253
Susan River Fish Habitat Area (A) 4,843 protected area overlaps with site 4,228
Poona National Park 5,350 protected area is adjacent to site 88
Pipeclay National Park 14 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Maaroom Fish Habitat Area (A) 23,865 protected area contained by site 22,031
Kauri Creek Fish Habitat Area (A) 6,492 protected area overlaps with site 6,105
Hervey Bay - Tin Can Bay Dugong Protection Area (A) 173,427 protected area overlaps with site 58,576
Great Sandy Strait (including Great Sandy Strait, Tin Can Bay and Tin Can Inlet) Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 83,742 protected area overlaps with site 0
Great Sandy 1 Conservation Park 701 protected area overlaps with site 0
Great Sandy UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,417,178 protected area contains site 0
Great Sandy Conservation Park 658 protected area overlaps with site 414
Great Sandy National Park 223,671 protected area overlaps with site 4,629
Great Sandy Marine Park 600,368 protected area overlaps with site 0
Fraser Island World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 184,000 protected area overlaps with site 9,873
Fraser Island Fish Habitat Area (B) 43,586 protected area is adjacent to site 307

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangroves -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Land ownership
Maryborough City, Hervey Bay, Tiaro and Cooloola Shire Councils. They are responsible for managing roosts on most of the freehold and leasehold land on the mainland. Queensland Environmental Protection Agency is the management agency for the islands in the Great Sandy Strait within national parks. The Defence Department owns a large parcel of land in the SW of the Great Sandy Strait.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Great Sandy Strait. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/great-sandy-strait-iba-australia on 22/02/2024.