Great Inagua

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea NT resident 2005 50-249 individuals A1, A4i
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber LC resident 1965-1985 20,000-49,999 individuals A4i
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala NT breeding 2005 50-249 individuals A1
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens NT resident 2005 250-999 individuals A4i
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis LC resident 2005 250-999 individuals B4i
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla LC resident 2005 50-249 individuals B4i
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC resident 2005 50-249 individuals A4i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC resident 2005 50-249 individuals A4i
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC resident 2005 50-249 individuals B4i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter 2005 50-249 individuals B4i
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus LC winter 2005 50-249 individuals B4i
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala NT breeding 2005 2,500-9,999 individuals A1
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a resident 1965-1985 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Union Creek Reserve National Park 1,667 protected area contained by site 0
Inagua National Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 77,343 protected area contained by site 32,600
Inagua National Park National Park 77,343 protected area contained by site 74,333

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Sam Nixon Bird Club 0
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Intertidal -
Shrubland Arid lowland scrub -
Forest Mangrove -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Great Inagua. Downloaded from on 30/09/2023.