Grand Bénard - Tapcal

Country/territory: Réunion (to France)

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2, A4ii (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,500 ha

Protection status:

Site description
The site comprises the peaks, cliffs and ridges radiating from Le Grand Bénard (2,896 m), including parts of the rims of the Cirque de Cilaos and the Cirque de Mafate, together with the western part of the Cirque de Cilaos (Le Tapcal). The spectacular terrain results from erosion of the volcanic Piton des Neiges massif. The summits and ridge-tops are almost devoid of vegetation, but the slopes and ledges support montane shrubland or bushland and thicket characteristic of high altitudes. Le Tapcal is covered with a fine stand of mixed montane forest, although exotics dominate in a few small areas.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 2 for key species. The site supports important colonies of two seabird species, including Pterodroma baraui (2–3 colonies), for which only one other breeding area (RE001) is known. All of the forest-living endemic birds of La Réunion occur except Coracina newtoni. In 1997, 1–3 pairs of Circus maillardi were present.

Non-bird biodiversity: Endemic plant communities: forest, shrubland and bushland and thicket rich in endemic plants.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Grand Bénard - Tapcal. Downloaded from on 10/07/2020.