Gough Island

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2006

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Gough Moorhen Gallinula comeri VU resident 2001 3,500-4,250 breeding pairs A1, A2, A4i
Northern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes moseleyi EN breeding 2004 30,000 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Grey-backed Storm-petrel Garrodia nereis LC breeding 1974 1,000-10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina LC breeding 1994 min 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
White-bellied Storm-petrel Fregetta grallaria LC breeding 1994 min 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena CR breeding 2001 1,500-2,400 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca EN breeding 2001 5,000 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos EN breeding 2001 5,250 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus LC breeding 2005 222-236 breeding pairs A1
Broad-billed Prion Pachyptila vittata LC breeding 2001 1,750,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Kerguelen Petrel Aphrodroma brevirostris LC breeding 2001 min 50,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Soft-plumaged Petrel Pterodroma mollis LC breeding 2001 400,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Atlantic Petrel Pterodroma incerta EN breeding 2001 1,800,000 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera LC breeding 2001 min 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Grey Petrel Procellaria cinerea NT breeding 2001 min 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis LC breeding 2001 980,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis LC breeding 2001 min 5,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata LC breeding 2001 500 breeding pairs A4i
Brown Skua Catharacta antarctica LC breeding 2001 1,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Gough Finch Rowettia goughensis CR resident 2000-2001 700-1,000 breeding pairs A1, A2
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2001 min 5,000,000 breeding pairs A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Gough Island Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 229,811 protected area contains site 6,500
Gough Island Wildlife Reserve 6,500 is identical to site 6,500
Gough and Inaccessible Islands World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 397,900 protected area contains site 6,500

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gough Island. Downloaded from on 06/07/2022.