Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Great Curassow Crax rubra VU breeding 2006 1,000-2,499 individuals A1
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea NT breeding 2006 50-249 individuals A1
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus LC unknown 2006 unknown A2
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus CR breeding 2006 20 individuals A1
Black-crowned Pittasoma Pittasoma michleri LC resident 2006 unknown A2
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis EN unknown 2006 250-999 individuals A1
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus VU non-breeding 2006 250-999 individuals A1
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae LC unknown 2006 unknown A2
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera NT winter 2006 2,500-9,999 individuals A1
Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea NT passage 2006 2,500-9,999 individuals A1
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons LC resident 2006 unknown A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high near favourable negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Santa Fe Parque Nacional 77,754 protected area is adjacent to site 0
General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera Parque Nacional 26,290 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Donoso Area de Uso Múltiple 195,908 protected area overlaps with site 100,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests. Downloaded from on 22/03/2023.