Boughrara is a large inlet of the sea, between the island of Djerba and the mainland in the southern part of the Gulf of Gabès. It is subject to tidal movement and has extensive tidal mudflats. The vegetation of the surrounding coastline is mainly halophytic.
See Box for key species. See under Kneiss (site TN032) for the ornithological importance of the Gulf of Gabès. Many of the typical species of the Gulf occur in good numbers at Boughrara, including large roosts of Ardea cinerea, Egretta garzetta, Calidris alpina, Sterna caspia, S. hirundo and S. albifrons. The site seems to be of particular importance for Phoenicopterus ruber, as a major site of concentration of first- and second-winter birds, with the possibility that the species breeds on offshore islands. In addition, six species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) and four of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) occur at this site (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threat is disturbance by fishermen.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Golfe de Boughrara. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 06/07/2022.