Gogabil Pakshi Vihar, Baghar Beel and Baldia Chaur

Country/territory: India

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4iii (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 200 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high near favourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Gogabil (88 ha) was initially notified as a closed area for five years in 1990, which was further extended up to the year 2000, but thereafter the notification has not been extended. The site is situated about 33 km southeast of Katihari in Amdabad block. The lake is fed by the flood waters. Gogabil is a permanent waterbody, however, the level of water varies seasonally. This waterbody is surrounded by many other temporary wetlands. The floodwaters from Gogabil during monsoon form two wetlands, namely Baghar beel and Baldia chaur. These wetlands are inundated by overflow from the Gogabil river and local monsoon run-off. Baldia chaur is more shallow than Baghar and is seasonal only. Baghar beel is about 28 km southeast of Katihar. Its waterspread becomes about 25 ha in summer from about 400 ha in the monsoon. These chaurs or beels are oxbow lakes marking the historical course of Gogabil river. As the chaurs dry out, the exposed mud is covered with grasses and creepers. The great part of the exposed lake bed is subsequently brought under cultivation. Water from these wetlands is used for irrigation and domestic supply.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: Seventy-one bird species have been recorded from this site, of which one is Vulnerable, three Near Threatened and four are Biome-restricted species. The site falls in Biome-12 (Indo-Gangetic Plains) but many species of Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone) are also reported from the site (A. Mishra in litt. 2002). During good monsoon years, when the waterspread is extensive, more than 20,000 waterfowl are likely to be present in all these wetlands. Not much work has been conducted on the waterfowl number, species composition, density and population fluctuation. Ringing information is also not available. This site can be considered as Data Deficient.


Key contributor: Arvind Mishra.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gogabil Pakshi Vihar, Baghar Beel and Baldia Chaur. Downloaded from on 25/06/2022.